This article has been translated into English within the PerMondo initiative. PerMondo offers the free translation of websites and documents for NGOs so they can spread their message. A project managed by the translation agency Mondo Agit. Voluntary translators: William Mastick, Isobel White & John Ryan-Mills; Proofreaders: Lauren Hornsey & Marie Wilson
FUND FOR PARTICIPATORY ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT IN ETHNIC TERRITORIES AND STRATEGIC ECOREGIONS IN COLOMBIA - GAP FUND
The ECOFONDO Corporation and Royal Embassy of the Netherlands continued the alliance that began in 2000 with the signing of the Contribution Agreement BOG 0106229. This type of alliance opened the door to supporting initiatives from community, ethnic, and non-governmental organizations concerned with local environmental priorities, strategic ecoregions, and synergy in actions taken by other groups.
Contribute to environmental preservation and to planning and regulating the usage of strategic local ecoregions and territories in two National Environmental System regions (SINA): Chocó biogeographic region and Colombian Amazon.
- Co-finance and support actions and comprehensive processes of participatory environmental management in strategic ecoregions and ethnic territories through community initiative projects focused on the protection of wildlife areas and the sustainable management of biodiversity, agroecology, and urban environmental management.
- Creating and implementing public environmental policies to contribute to the country's environmental sustainability.
2. Implementation Period.
November, 2007 - October, 2011
Projects were developed by 41 community-based organizations and benefited 18,292 families impacting 38 municipalities and 51 basins and micro-basins in Colombia.
Their biogeographic locations are divided into the following areas:
- Collective territory of black communities from Medio Atrato (COCOMACIA program)
- Areas within the Chocó Department
- Pacific coast of the departments of Valle and Cauca.
- The Cordillera Occidental mountain range in the departments of Valle and Cauca
- Surrounding area of the Paramillo Massif
Amazon Region. This region included the following projects:
- ASSOCIATION FOR COMPREHENSIVE, HUMAN, AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, "AKAYÚ": Strengthening of three processes for environmental development in the municipality of Inírida, department of Guainía.
- AMAZON INSTITUTE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, "SINCHI"; LOGGING ASSOCIATION OF TARAPACÁ (ASOMATA); TARAPACÁ WOMEN'S COMMUNE (ASMUCOTAR). On-site conservation and utilization of the camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia H.B.K.) present in the Amazon and lakes of Tarapacá due to communities associated with ASOMATA and ASMUCOTAR as a strategy for the conservation of natural resources in the Colombian Amazon trapezium.
- ESAWÁ FOUNDATION. Reconversion process underway of extensive livestock farming and recovery of wetlands and relict woodlands as a strategy for conservation in the highlands of Coquetá (second phase).
- REGIONAL COUNCIL ASSOCIATION OF NASA DEL PUTUMAYO-KWE'SX KSXA'W. Environmental and cultural system of 35 indigenous chapters and reserves of Nasa de Putumayo, kwe'sxksxa´w.
- FARMERS ASSOCIATION FOR ORGANIC AGRICULTURE AND FAIR TRADE IN THE GÜEJAR RIVER BASIN, AGROGÜEJAR. Agroecological production as an alternative to the voluntary eradication of illicit crops by creating development proposals in the Ariari-güejar and Cafre de Puerto Rico-Meta sectors.
- NASA KIWNAS ÇXHAB - ALTO LORENZÓ RESERVE. Caring for the woodlands, conservation of natural water springs, and intervention with sustainable productive models in the Alto Lorenzo reserve, municipality of Puerto Asís Putumayo.
- Joint venture between CORPOLINDOSA (Corporation for the Conservation and Sustainable Development of the Lindosa Mountain Range and Surrounding Areas) - CINDAP (Corporation for Research and Agricultural and Environmental Development). Establishment of 20 semi-confined livestock production units in small farms to contribute to the recovery of surplus pastures for natural or induced regeneration in the municipality of San José del Guaviare, department of Guaviare, Colombian Amazon.
- Joint venture between CIPRIG (Guatiquía River Intercommunal Corporation) - ANUC META (Meta Departmental Association of Rural Users). Comprehensive proposal of recovery and conservation of water, soil, and forest resources through agroecological production and community building in Vereda Marimba, municipality of Puerto Concordia.
There are three types of projects in this region: those dedicated to the sustainable use of native species from planning natural resource usage (ASSOCIATION FOR COMPREHENSIVE, HUMAN, AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, "AKAYÚ" and AMAZON INSTITUTE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, "SINCHI"; LOGGING ASSOCIATION OF TARAPACÁ (ASOMATA); TARAPACÁ WOMEN'S COMMUNE (ASMUCOTAR); those who primarily worked in agriculture, employing strategies of conservation (CIPRIG-ANUC META joint venture, NASA KIWNAS ÇXHAB - ALTO LORENZÓ RESERVE, REGIONAL COUNCIL ASSOCIATION OF NASA DEL PUTUMAYO-KWE'SX KSXA'W and AGROGÜEJAR); and those who worked with sustainable livestock, one with greater emphasis on conservation, (CINDAP - CORPOLINDOSA) and the other with an emphasis on connectivity between protected areas as a strategy for integration with the National Natural Park System in Colombia (PNN) and private lands (Esawá Foundation).
COCOMACIA Special Program
COCOMACIA devised a strategy of intervention which led to the creation of a Technical Assistance Unit, introduced production models to the area based on research and tracking, created a zoo operations and phytosanitary plan, and developed a model to utilize agricultural and fishing waste which improved the population's living conditions.
The marketing strategy was defined after the creation of the Marketing and Development branch and moved onto developing business plans for the most important products: banana, fish, rice, and honey.
43 communities committed to including in their internal territorial management regulations the standard of leaving a two-meter strip of vegetation from the river banks to the edge of new plots when they are established.
A system of planning, tracking, and evaluation was established to compile the whole process of institutional development in a document called the toolbox which becomes an informative and methodological tutorial.
A strategic 9-year plan was formulated and approved in the May, 2009 General Assembly.
COCOMACIA consolidated its position on the view and/or perspective of gender from the communities in Medio Atrato and integrated this position into their programs and actions.
A training program on social organization and ethnodevelopment was formed.
COCOMACIA designed and implemented a strategy to develop, adopt, and manage the ethnodevelopment plan for communities in Medio Atrato which impact public policy.
COCOMACIA designed and implemented a strategy of intervention within the framework of traditional production systems under an agroecological approach, providing consulting services in production and environmental conservation to producers in the Medio Atrato communities
Other areas within the department of Chocó. This region comprises the following projects:
- GENERAL COMMUNITY COUNCIL OF THE BAUDÓ RIVER AND ITS TRIBUTARIES (ACABA). Agroecological lighthouses established as a strategy for environmental regulation, land management, and the safety and food sovereignty of the Afro-Colombian Baudó communities.
- COOPERATIVE FOR RECYCLERS AND ASSOCIATES UNITED FOR QUIBDÓ (COOPRUQ). Consolidation of achievements from the solid waste project management the city of Quibdó.
- MICHITÁ CORPORATION. Pandó Environmental Station - EAP - consolidated as a strategic setting for research, environmental education, and community development.
- ASSOCIATION OF PARENTS AND FAMILY OF THE ESCUELA NORMAL SUPERIOR IN QUIBDÓ AND ESCUELA NORMAL SUPERIOR IN QUIBDÓ. Environmental education project at the Escuela Normal Superior in Quibdó.
The projects developed in the rural areas of the Chocó department were very dissimilar. We can identify three different types: the ACABA program, the initiative of the Cooperative for Recyclers and cooperative educational projects of the Michitá Foundation the Escuela Normal Superior in Quibdó.
Pacific Coast department of Valle del Cauca and Cauca. The following projects were implemented in this region:
- YUBARTA FOUNDATION. Second phase: Biological valuation and sustainable use of aquatic mammals in the Málaga Bay and the surrounding area to ensure their conservation.
- COMMUNITY COUNCIL OF THE LIMONES BLACK COMMUNITY. Sustainable management of natural resources throughout the whole area of the Limones black community done by sustainable processes of phase II production.
- FARALLONES FOUNDATION AND THE CEDRO DEL VALLE COMMUNITY COUNCIL. Recovery of agroforestry management, administrative support, and cultural rescue for the Valle River basin, corregimiento of Valle, municipality of Bahía Solano-Chocó.
- SAN CIPRIANO FOUNDATION. Strengthening the sustainable production systems as an alternative for conserving and protecting natural resources in the protective forest reserve area of the Escalerete and San Cipriano rivers.
- TOGETHER FOR PROGRESS (YOUTHS AND ADULTS) - JUNPRO. Agroecological utilization of coconut production (cocos nucifera) at the Chanzará Community Council with the aim to reduce environmental impact and better use products and by-products derived from the coconut through organizational strategy that improves environmental and social conditions throughout the region.
- COMMUNITY COUNCIL OF CUERVAL. Management and environmentally sustainable utilization of the Piangua and other aquatic resources from mangroves at the Community Council of Cuerval.
- UNITED BLACK COMMUNITY COUNCIL. Income generation and organizational backing of the United Black Community Council through a strategy of preservation, transformation, commercialization, and insertion in the productive chain of hydrobiological, agroecological, and livestock resources to ensure food security and sustainable environmental conservation.
- MICAY MANGROVE COMMUNITY COUNCIL. Plan of environmentally sustainable forest utilization of the Micay Mangrove Community Council with an eco-business of timber and agroecological production.
- MICAY RIVER INTEGRATION COMMUNITY COUNCIL. Established agroecological farms through consolidating the eco-business with agricultural and livestock production by integration with the Integrated Community Council of López de Micay - Cauca.
In this set of projects, all the initiatives related to community councils located on the Pacific Coast that emphasize systems of production and institutional strengthening are grouped together. One exception is the Yubarta Foundation project which continued with monitoring marine mammals.
The Cordillera Occidental mountain range in the departments of Valle del Cauca and Cauca This consists of the following projects from this region:
- ESQUINA LATINA THEATER GROUP. Strengthening the plan for environmental liveliness through sociocultural work with young people and the communities from the municipalities of Bolívar, Calima el Darien, and Dagua in the Chocó biogeographic region of the Valle del Cauca region.
- AGROECOLOGICAL FARMERS ASSOCIATION OF THE DUENDE REGIONAL NATURAL PARK BUFFER ZONE (ASODUENDE). Strengthening and consolidation of socioeconomic and environmental alternatives identified and undertaken by farming communities as a contribution to the sustainable development of the Duende Regional Natural Park buffer zone.
- NATURAL ECOLOGICAL DEFENSE OF FENICIA FOUNDATION (FEDENA). Implementation of a participatory process for conserving biodiversity in the Duende paramo and its buffer zone as a contribution to sustainable human development in the Chocó biogeographic region.
- FOUNDATION FOR THE PROTECTION AND RECOVERY OF THE ENVIRONMENT (FROAM). Second phase of the comprehensive management plan for the Platanares basin, small town of Tulia, municipality of Bolívar, Valle del Cauca.
- CORPORATION FOR COMMUNITY ECO-DEVELOPMENT (COMUNITAR). Ethnocultural alternatives for women of African descent from Patía for participatory environmental management in the corregimientos of Méndez, Guayabal, and Patía in the municipality of Patía, department of Cauca.
- CORPORATION FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF VALLE DEL CAUCA, (CORDESAL). Ensure the sustainability of natural resources in the indigenous territories located in the Pepitas river subbasin. Corregimientos of Cisneros, together. Dagua municipality. Department of Valle del Cauca. Producers of biodiversity.
- RURAL AND URBAN CAUCA WORKFORCE FOUNDATION (FUNDEUC). Building an organizational, environmental, entrepreneurial culture and marketing products from rural farming communities of El Tambo - Cauca.
Projects from the Cordillera were, essentially, agroecological and it can be said that intervention strategies were similar. This range of initiatives attempted to transform processes of the agricultural products that may be commercialized in regional and national markets. The projects also carried out actions of environmental conservation. The theater group Esquina Latina brought together three stable youth theater groups comprised of 66 young people from the municipalities of Calima Darién, La Cumbre, and Dagua who identified, explored, and labeled environmental problem-areas alongside their communities.
Surrounding areas of the Paramillo Massif. The following projects were developed in this region:
- UNIFIED CORPORATION FOR THE ECOLOGICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF COLOMBIA (CUDESAC). Establishment of conservation and restoration areas and sustainable community proposals for agroforestry, silvopastoral, and commercialization production in the Tesoro community from the municipality of Puerto Libertador, department of Córdoba.
- ASSOCIATION OF SMALL FARMERS IN ITUANGO (ASOGADI). Consolidation and diversification of production models for semi-confined livestock, productive interaction of women, and promoting strategies implemented under the methodology of small farmer to small farmer in the municipality of Ituango, Antioquia.
- AUTONOMOUS COASTAL FOUNDATION–JOINT VENTURE WITH SABANA AGROINDUSTRIAL FOUNDATION (FAIS). Recovery of areas producing water and degraded areas and implementation of sustainable agroforestry and silvopastoral processes as an alternative to ecological restoration in the processes of traditional farming production in the corregimiento of Mata de Maíz, municipality of Valencia, department of Córdoba.
- GAVIOTA FOUNDATION. Consolidation and expansion of production models agroecological processes in a rural economy joined with the union of relict woodlands in the micro-basin of the Tay Gorge, municipality of Tierralta - Córdoba.
- GREEN DREAM FOUNDATION: Consolidation of conservation processes of relict woodlands and sustainable agroforestry and silvopastoral proposals to transform and commercialize agroecological products within green markets in the communities of Linares and Patagonia in the municipality of Tierralta, Alto Sinú, department of Córdoba.
These projects, especially those of small farmers, had the concern of water conservation. Three initiatives proposed and implemented processes of restoration and reforestation with native species in strategic areas for their social and productive processes. Similarly, the projects worked with agroforestry and related systems. In general, the projects de-incentivized activities of illicit crop use drawing from new alternatives with support for agricultural production and the improvement of household incomes with project efforts.
Documents and products for each project are found in the Center for Documentation at the ECOFONDO Coporation.
An attached document summarizes some of the results.